UI Design / UX Design

What is the Difference between UI, UX and Interaction Design?

What is the Difference between UI, UX and Interaction Design?

Understanding UI, UX, and Interaction Design

UI, UX, and Interaction Design are three terms that are often connected. But, there are essential distinctions between them. UI refers to User Interface. It is about the product's look and feels. UX is about User Experience. This concentrates on how people use the product. Interaction Design is the process of designing how those interactions go. In this article, we'll discuss these topics and their relationship.

Definition of UI Design

UI Design is an art. It creates user-friendly experiences that let people interact with digital and physical products without stress.

UI design includes graphic, visual, motion, and interaction design. It focuses on providing users with easy-to-navigate interfaces, which make products better.

UI designers collaborate with UX designers to make designs that match their target audience. This helps them create an interface with a consistent look and feel, so users can navigate easily.

The essence of UI design is how engineers deliver information through a product's interface layer. Features must enable natural understanding, so users can find what they want.

Definition of UX Design

User Experience (UX) Design is a process that boosts user satisfaction. It optimizes experiences through research, testing, analysis, and product optimization. This process balances form and function to match the needs of both user and business objectives. UX design examines how users interact with a product or service and how elements create great user experiences.

UX design spans researching user behaviors to create an excellent interface and designing interactive prototypes. It is an ever-evolving process with multiple stages: research, wireframing, prototyping, testing, and evaluation. These stages help create a product or site that meets user and business needs.

Definition of Interaction Design

Interaction Design is part of User Experience (UX) design. It is also called Interaction Architecture, which involves creating and developing motion in product interfaces. Every detail of user communication is included, from navigating pages and selecting to how elements react when clicked on or hovered over.

Interaction Designers strive to achieve a smooth experience for users. Things like space, timing, cues, and feedback are all considered.

Tasks for Interaction Design include creating wireframes and prototypes and making animations and transitions between user events. It also involves testing the usability to ensure users have enough feedback when using the interface elements, brainstorming concepts and storyboards, etc. In the end, Interaction Design focuses on creating pleasing visual movements that enhance the overall UX of the application.

Differences between UI, UX, and Interaction Design

UI, UX, and Interaction Design have often used words. They refer to creating a product or service. But what are the differences between them? Let's investigate!

UI vs. UX

User Interface (UI) and User Experience (UX) design are complementary disciplines for great web and mobile applications. Although both are vital, they involve different skill sets.

UI design is about making a website or app look nice and making content easy to find. It includes visuals such as images, icons, typography, dialogue boxes, buttons, and dropdowns.

UX design is broader, looking at how people interact with products. It involves user research and prototyping and ensures the product is easy and pleasant.

Interaction design builds on UI and UX by creating interactions between products and users, whether physical or digital. They use motion graphics and gesture-based navigation, tracking consumer behaviors to make the best experiences. This helps create value when using digital products or services.

UX vs. Interaction Design

UX and Interaction design are both essential to product design. But there are differences.

UX designs a person's interaction with a product or service. It looks at how people think and experience products. UX designers use this knowledge to make systems logical and enjoyable.

Interaction design has a similar focus but looks deeper. It creates a connection between the user and the product. It looks at how individual elements like buttons and menus work together. It pays attention to visuals such as color, typography, and images. It also looks at user behavior. What should be shown for each action?

UX Design focuses on making a system's overall strategy and looks at user needs, goals, competition, and trends. Interaction Design is about creating interfaces and experiences and uses psychology, research, and usability standards.

Interaction Design vs. UI

Interactive Design and User Interface (UI) Design are related distinct fields.

Interaction Design concentrates on a user's experience when using a product or system. It goes beyond the visual layer of the interaction. Interaction Designers create interactions with products by considering people's goals, context, and motivations. It is about how people see usability and feel about the product.

On the other hand, UI Design mainly focuses on how a user interacts with a product. This includes using colors, fonts, and menus on web pages or apps. All of this is done to ensure smooth navigation throughout the development.

Key Takeaways

UI Design, UX Design, and Interaction Design are all related. But, there are critical distinctions between them.

We'll also talk about the key takeaways from each and how they fit into the development process.

UI focuses on the look and feel of a product

User Interface (UI) Design is all about the look and feel of a product. It includes graphical elements like images and logos. UI focuses on providing feedback to users and how they use a product.

UX focuses on the user experience of a product

User experience (UX) design looks at the overall user experience while using the product. This includes how intuitive, and efficient the experience is and if it meets the target audience's needs. UX designers create user personas, stories, and flow diagrams.

Interaction Design focuses on the interactions between the user and product

Interaction Design (IxD) is about the user's experience with the product. Not just visually but tactilely and behaviorally too. It's about how the user interacts with a system or product. It studies their needs and expectations to design products that feel natural and enable them to interact in the way they expect. IxD looks at elements like graphical interfaces, audio feedback, single-handed control methods, haptics, and motion detection for two-handed interactions.

IxD is about crafting the best experience. This means considering visuals like color palette, typography, and layout. Plus, it means considering tactile elements like button size and placement. All these combine to make optimum interactions between humans and machines. It goes beyond graphic design. It makes sure everything works together to create great user experiences. It researches what makes human-computer interaction successful before designing. Through testing, pre and post-launch, user research connects user goals and tech progress through cycles of testing and refining.


To summarize, UI, UX, and Interaction Design are all connected. UI Design looks at the product's appearance, while UX Design is about the user's experience. And Interaction Design is about how the user interacts with the product. All three are essential to creating successful products and experiences.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is UI design?

UI (User Interface) design creates visual elements of a digital product. It includes menus, buttons, icons, typography, images, layouts, and color palettes.

What is UX design?

UX (User Experience) design creates a product that meets the user's needs. It involves research, prototyping, and testing to make a product that is easy to use and enjoyable.

What is Interaction Design?

Interaction design designs interactions between the user and the product. It involves creating the user interface and ensuring it is intuitive and easy to use.

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